Do you want to know more about diamonds? Here are some interesting facts about the DIAMOND!
Diamond, together with graphite, is an allotropic modification of carbon.
Diamond is the hardest mineral in nature & the hardest natural diamonds have been discovered in Australia. Diamonds can only be scratched by other diamonds.
Diamonds have a melting point of 3820 Kelvin.
Diamond jewelry is the most expensive jewelry of them all. In 2009, a diamond weighing 7.03 carats was sold for staggering $9.49 million. This was so far the most expensive diamond in history.
Diamonds were first discovered in India, but approximately 50% of all natural diamonds originate from Africa.
The first synthetic diamonds were produced more than 50 years ago, in 1955. Around 40% of diamonds used in industry are artificial diamonds created in a lab.
The value of diamonds are dependent upon 4C's: cut, color, clarity and carat.
- Diamond clarity refers to diamond's visual appearance.
- Less inclusions and flaws within diamonds means better clarity and also better dispersion of light.
- Carat refers to the diamond's weight.
- Some natural colored diamonds are very rare such as red, green, pink and green diamonds.
- The rarest natural colored diamonds are red diamonds, followed by green diamonds.
Diamonds require extremely high temperatures and extremely high pressure to be created.
Not all diamonds found on our planet originate from our planet as some have come to our planet with meteorites.
Under the right conditions a simple pencil could be turned into a diamond.
Diamonds have the highest optical density of all materials.
Rough diamonds need to be polished prior to becoming part of the diamond jewelry.
The standard diamond cut is brilliant diamond cut, characterized with 57 facets.
Many diamonds have been treated in laboratory in order to remove certain flaws and other inclusions.
Diamond hardness is 140 times the hardness of sapphire or ruby.
The purest diamonds are also the hardest diamonds. The hardest diamonds found on our planet are very small and are characterized by single-stage crystal growth.
On the Mohs scale of mineral hardness diamond has the ultimate value of 10.
The most famous natural blue diamond is Blue Hope Diamond.
The natural colored red diamond, Moussaieff Red, was the largest red diamond graded by GIA, weighing 5.11 carats.
The most famous natural green diamond is Dresden Green.
Australian Argyle Diamond Mine produces the largest share of pink and red diamonds in the world.
The most famous pink diamond in the world is Darya-I-Nur and the most famous natural yellow diamond is "Kimberley Octahedron".
The world's oldest diamonds are more than 4 billion years old.
Diamonds come to surface with the help of volcanic pipes that carry diamonds together with magma. These are called Kimber-pipes.
The reason why some diamonds are colored is because of corruption from elements other than carbon or deformation of the carbon atoms.
Diamond rings are the most popular form of diamond jewelry.
The diamond engagement ring tradition started in 1477 when Archduke Maximilian of Austria presented a gold ring set with a diamond to his future wife Mary of Burgundy.
Every year around 7 billion dollars is spent on diamond rings in United States. The world's largest diamond consumer is United States.
It has been accepted as an unofficial rule that future groom should spend a three month salary on diamond engagement ring.
The best diamond simulant is moissanite. Many jewelers will not be able to tell the difference between diamond and moissainite.
When buying expensive diamond jewelry you should always ask for diamond certificate.
Diamonds respond remarkably well when faced with extreme conditions.
Every fifth diamond ends up as part of some diamond jewelry which means that 80% of all mined diamonds are used for different industrial applications.
The world's fastest growing diamond market is China.
One diamond carat is defined as 200 milligrams.
Diamonds with the appraisals and certificates achieve higher prices because buyers feel safe when buying these diamonds.
The most frequently used test to identify real diamonds from fake ones is done by using electronic thermal probes.